As there are many different scales, all starting on different notes but all constructed in the same pattern it is often easier to think of each of the scale steps as numbers.
These numbers for each of the scale steps are referred to as scale degrees.
Each of the scale degrees also has a name, for grade one you are only required to know the name of the first scale degree: the Tonic.
The Scale Degree Names
The following is the C Major scale, notated with the scale degree numbers and the tonic labelled.
Here is the same with G Major:
Here is the same with D Major:
Here is the same with F Major: